The term ‘carbon footprint’ has become tremendously popular over the last few years and is now in wide spread use across the media. ‘Carbon footprint’ has become a widely used term and concept in the public debate on responsibility and abatement action against the threat of global climate change. A ‘carbon footprint’ measures the total greenhouse gas emissions caused directly and indirectly by a person, organisation, event or product. With climate change high up on the political and corporate agenda, carbon footprint calculations are in strong demand. Numerous approaches have been proposed to provide estimates, ranging from basic online calculators to sophisticated life-cycle analysis or input-output-based methods and tools. Carbon footprint is actually a 'carbon weight' of kilograms or tonnes per person or activity."
Carbon footprint is a cycle assessment with the analysis limited to emissions that have an effect and calculations are done taking into account direct and indirect emissions occurring due to consumption activities. Total carbon footprint/emission quantification would include energy related emissions from human activities - that is, from heat, light, power and refrigeration and all transport related emissions from cars, freight and distribution, etc. The following activities are taken into account when we receive groups at “Camp Wild”:-
- Diesel spent while using
- Transport for groups and administrative purposes
At “Camp Wild”, we employ simple, constructive ways to reduce and offset the carbon shoe size generated by the groups that come to us:-
- Solar Energy – We have installed all solar geysers at the camp used for bathing and kitchen activities
- Tree plantation – All groups are requested to plant tree/s as calculated according to their group size and duration
- Organic – We grow organic food at the camp and when possible, buy organic or "fair trade." There's a better chance the food is grown in an eco-friendly way, and if it's locally grown, it didn't have to travel that far. This also goes for those double lattes — coffee often has a large carbon footprint because of the distance those beans had to travel to get here, and how they were produced.
- Paying attention to packaging - When out shopping, we try to go to stores or co-ops that keep packaging to a minimum. For example, we choose to buy the loose tomatoes rather than boxed or plastic-wrapped tomatoes. Also, take reusable bags to the grocery store. When it comes to resources, plastic is better than paper — but a reusable cloth tote-style bag is better still.
- Ditch bottled water - Bottled water has a huge carbon footprint. It's bottled at one location in small plastic bottles and shipped all over. We have moved away from offering bottled water, to using in-house RO filtration systems that make tap/ ground water a good choice. Plastic water bottles make the footprints even bigger.
- Energy-proof our camp - We're not talking major upgrades here... we make sure all our windows are close properly. This saves big money on the energy bill. We have switched from incandescent to compact florescent light (CFL) bulbs. Compact florescent light bulbs use about 75 percent less energy than our normal light bulbs and last much longer. Compared to regular bulbs, the fluorescents are more expensive, but they will eventually pay for themselves due to lower energy costs.
- Go native – We have use native plant species to landscape around the camp. The plants grow better in the familiar environment. Also, we use organic soil when planting — it's made using more eco-friendly methods, and uses less resources. And green plants are the best way to offset carbon footprints.
- Shortest Route to the camp – The travel impact is reduced taking the direct route as opposed to longer route so as to reach the camp. We try & escort the guests from a common point so as not to waste energy, time & resources.
- Unplug it! – We unplug appliances that we don't use frequently. Cell phone chargers, laptops, televisions, stereos — there's a whole list of items that we unplug when not in use.
- We chucked the microwave - A freezer full of meals is actually more energy-intensive — it costs more to freeze foods, ship them cold, display them frozen in the grocery store and keep them frozen in our homes. So while the modern convenience of the microwave and the Lean Cuisine is enticing, it's much more resource-intensive. We cook 100% fresh food and use minimum refrigerators.
- Cold water for Laundry – We using cold water to launder things that don't need to be cleaned in hot or warm water. It takes a lot of energy to heat up water — multiply that by the number of loads, and that's a big footprint.
- The Three Rs: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle – We try buying less, and reusing and fixing things when we can instead of buying new.